As of January 2023, the UNESCO World Heritage list includes 1,157 properties forming part of the cultural and natural heritage which the World Heritage Committee have deemed to have outstanding universal value. Below are the 303 we’ve visited (not counting the sadly de-listed Dresden Elbe Valley and Liverpool), of which we’ve written about 263 here on Sophie’s World. The complete UNESCO World Heritage list is here.

AFRICA – 18/14

Historic Cairo Egypt
Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur Egypt
Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis Egypt
Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae Egypt
Kunta Kinteh Island and Related Sites The Gambia
Lake Malawi National Park Malawi
Le Morne Cultural Landscape Mauritius
Medina of Tétouan Morocco
Vallée de Mai Nature Reserve Seychelles
Cape Floral Region Protected Area South Africa
Robben Island South Africa
Stone Town of Zanzibar Tanzania
Medina of Tunis Tunisia
Site of Carthage Tunisia
Amphitheatre of El Jem Tunisia
Kairouan Tunisia
Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls Zambia/Zimbabwe
Great Zimbabwe National Monument Zimbabwe


AMERICAS – 20/17

Iguazu National Park Argentina
Historic Bridgetown and its garrison Barbados
Iguaçu National Park Brazil
Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea Brazil
Rideau Canal Canada
Old Town Lunenburg Canada
Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena Colombia
Colonial City of Santo Domingo Dominican Republic
San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba Cuba
Morne Trois Pitons National Park Dominica
Antigua Guatemala Guatemala
Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza Mexico
Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco Mexico
Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan Mexico
Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles
Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park St Kitts – Nevis
Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento Uruguay
Statue of Liberty USA
Independence Hall USA
La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic site in Puerto Rico USA


ASIA – 34/29


The Great Wall China
Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang China
Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing China
Historic Centre of Macau China (Macau)
Grand Canal China
Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing China
Historic Monuments and Sites in Kaesong DPRK (North Korea)
Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi India
Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi India
Red Fort Complex India
Jantar Mantar India
Taj Mahal India
Agra Fort India
Fatehpur Sikri India
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) India
Hill Forts of Rajastan India
Jaipur City India
Cultural Landscape of Bali Indonesia
Petroglyphs within the Archaeological Landscape of Tamgaly Kazakhstan
Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor Kyrgyzstan/Kazakhstan/China
Sulaiman-Too Sacred Mountain Kyrgyzstan
Western Tien-Shan Kyrgyzstan/Kazakhstan/Uzbekistan
Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca Malaysia
Kathmandu Valley Nepal
Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty South Korea
Changdeokgung Palace Complex South Korea
Jongmyo Shrine South Korea
Tajik National Park Tajikistan
Historic City of Ayutthaya Thailand
Parthian Fortresses of Nisa Turkmenistan
Kunya-Urgench Turkmenistan
Itchan Kala (Khiva) Uzbekistan
Historic Centre of Bukhara Uzbekistan
Samarkand – crossroads of cultures Uzbekistan


EUROPE – 217/190

Butrint Albania
Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin Armenia
Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots Armenia
Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley Armenia
Historic Centre of Vienna Austria
Lake Fertö/Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape Austria/H
Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn Austria
Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg Austria
Hallstatt-Dachstein Salzkammergut Cultural Landscape Austria
Semmering Railway Austria
City of Graz Austria
Wachau Cultural Landscape Austria
Great Spa Towns of Europe Austria/B/CZ/F/D/I/UK
Prehistoric Pile Dwellings around the Alps Austria/F/D/I/SI/CH
Frontiers of the Roman Empire – the Danube Limes Austria/D/SK
Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah’s Palace and Maiden Tower Azerbaijan
Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape Azerbaijan
La Grand-Place, Brussels Belgium
Major town houses of the architect Victor Horta, Brussels Belgium
Historic Centre of Brugge Belgium
Stoclet House Belgium
Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex Belgium
Belfries of Belgium and France Belgium/France
Flemish béguinages Belgium
Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar Bosnia & Herzegovina
Rila Monastery Bulgaria
Boyana Church Bulgaria
Ancient City of Nessebar Bulgaria
Old City of Dubrovnik Croatia
Venetian Works of Defence between 16th and 17th Centuries: Stato da Terra – Western Stato da Mar Croatia/Montenegro/Italy
Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian Croatia
The Cathedral of St James in Šibenik Croatia
Historic City of Trogir Croatia
Stari Grad Croatia
Historic Centre of Prague Czechia
Kutná Hora: Historical Town Centre with Church of St Barbara and Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec Czechia
Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc Czechia
Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church Denmark
Roskilde Cathedral Denmark
Kronborg Castle Denmark
Stevns klint Denmark
Christiansfeld, a Moravian Church Settlement Denmark
The par force hunting landscape in North Zealand Denmark
Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn Estonia
Fortress of Suomenlinna Finland
Old Rauma Finland
Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki Finland
Petäjävesi Old Church Finland
Verla Groundwood and Board Mill Finland
Paris, Banks of the Seine France
Palace and Park of Versailles France
Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims France
Champagne Hillsides, Houses and Cellars France
Strasbourg – Grande île and Neustadt France
Chartres Cathedral France
Canal du Midi France
Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne France
Palace and Park of Fontainebleau France
Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion France
Bordeaux, Port of the Moon France
Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France France
Fortifications of Vauban France
Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézere Valley France
The Climats, terroirs of Burgundy France
Nice, Winter Resort Town on the Riviera France
Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière, and Place d’Alliance in Nancy France
Historical Monuments of Mtskheta Georgia
Cologne Cathedral Germany
Hanseatic City of Lübeck Germany
Old town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof Germany
Aachen Cathedral Germany
Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin Germany
Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier Germany
Berlin Modernism Housing Estates Germany
Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg Germany
Bauhaus and its sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau Germany
Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin Germany
Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus Germany
Wadden Sea Germany/DK/NL
Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen Germany
Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar Germany
Muskauer Park / Park Musakowski Germany/Poland
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and other regions of Europe Germany++
Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz Germany
Maulbronn Monastery Complex Germany
Speyer Cathedral Germany
Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch Germany
Messel Pit Fossil Site Germany
Upper Middle Rhine Valley Germany
Frontiers of the Roman Empire Germany/UK
Dresden Elbe Valley (delisted 2009) Germany
Water Management System of Augsburg Germany
ShUM cities of Speyer, Worms and Mainz Germany
Old Town of Corfu Greece
Acropolis, Athens Greece
Medieval City of Rhodes Greece
Meteora Greece
Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessalonika Greece
Vatican City Holy See
Budapest, incl. the Banks of Danube, Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue Hungary
Millenary Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma and its Natural Environment Hungary
Þingvellir National Park Iceland
Vatnajökull – dynamic nature of fire and ice Iceland
Brú na Bóinne – Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne Ireland
Historic Centre of Rome Italy/Holy See
City of Verona Italy
Venice and its Lagoon Italy
The Dolomites Italy
Mount Etna Italy
Costiera Amalfitana Italy
Piazza del Duomo, Pisa Italy
Historic Centre of San Gimignano Italy
Historic Centre of Florence Italy
Historic Centre of Siena Italy
Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites Italy
Historic Centre of Urbino Italy
Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli Italy
Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) Italy
Villa Adriana (Tivoli) Italy
Villa d’Este, Tivoli Italy
Archaeological Areas of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata Italy
Historic Centre of Naples Italy
Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with “The Last Supper” by Leonardo da Vinci Italy
Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy Italy
Crespi d’Adda Italy
Residences of the Royal House of Savoy Italy
Medieval Monuments in Kosovo Kosovo
Historic Centre of Riga Latvia
Historic Centre of Vilnius Lithuania
Kernavė Archaeological Site Lithuania
City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications Luxembourg
City of Valletta Malta
Megalithic Temples of Malta Malta
Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor Montenegro
Durmitor National Park Montenegro
Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside Singelgracht Netherlands
Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout Netherlands
Rietveld-Schröderhuis Netherlands
Frontiers of the Roman Empire: the Lower German Limes Netherlands/Germany
Dutch Water Defence Lines Netherlands
Van Nellefabriek Netherlands
Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region North Macedonia/Albania
Bryggen Norway
Røros Mining Town and the circumference Norway
West Norwegian Fjords – Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord Norway
Rock Art of Alta Norway
Struve Geodetic Arc Norway ++
Rjukan – Notodden Industrial Heritage Site Norway
Vegaøyan, the Vega Archipelago Norway
Urnes Stave Church Norway
Historic Centre of Warsaw Poland
Historic Centre of Kraków Poland
Auschwitz Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp Poland
Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork Poland
Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines Poland
Medieval Town of Toruń Poland
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park Poland
Centennial Hall in Wrocław Poland
Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon Portugal
Cultural Landscape of Sintra Portugal
Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments Russia
Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow Russia
San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano San Marino
The works of Jože Plečnik in Ljubljana – Human Centred Urban Design Slovenia
Historic City of Toledo Spain
Works of Antoni Gaudí Spain
Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct Spain
Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana Spain
Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona Spain
La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia Spain
El Palmeral de Elche Spain
Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro, a landscape of arts and sciences Spain
Rock Carvings in Tanum Sweden
Hanseatic town of Visby Sweden
Skogskyrkogården Sweden
Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun Sweden
Engelsberg Ironworks Sweden
Birka and Hovgården Sweden
Royal Domain of Drottningholm Sweden
Naval Port of Karlskrona Sweden
Grimeton Radio Station, Varberg Sweden
Laponian Area Sweden
Church Town of Gammelstad, Luleå Sweden
Höga kusten / Kvarken Archipelago Sweden/SF
Abbey of St Gall Switzerland
Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces Switzerland
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes Switzerland/I
La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, Watchmaking Town Planning Switzerland
Old City of Berne Switzerland
Swiss Alps, Jungfrau-Aletcsh Switzerland
Three Castles, Defensive Wall and Ramparts of the Market-Town of Bellinzona Switzerland
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement Switzerland ++
Monte San Giorgio Switzerland/Italy
Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural Landscape Turkey
Historic Areas of Istanbul Turkey
Ephesus Turkey
Hierapolis-Pamukkale Turkey
Aphrodisias Turkey
Tower of London UK
Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret’s Church UK
Maritime Greenwich UK
Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine’s Abbey, and St Martin’s Church UK
Old and New Towns of Edinburgh UK
The Forth Bridge UK
Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites UK
Ironbridge Gorge UK
Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd UK
City of Bath UK
Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (delisted 2021) UK
Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape UK
Dorset and East Devon Coast UK
Blenheim Castle UK
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew UK
Heart of Neolithic Orkney UK
New Lanark UK
Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast UK
The English Lake District UK
The Slate Landscape of Northwestern Wales UK
Kyiv: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra Ukraine



Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun Bahrain
Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls Israel/Palestine
Tyre Lebanon
Byblos Lebanon
Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) Lebanon
Baalbek Lebanon
Anjar Lebanon
Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem Palestine
Ancient City of Damascus Syria
Cultural sites of Al Ain United Arab Emirates



Sydney Opera House Australia
Greater Blue Mountains Area Australia
Australian Convict Sites Australia
Gondwana Rainforests of Australia Australia


Decorated farmhouses of Hälsingland Sweden
Agricultural Landscape of Southern Öland Sweden
Curonian Spit Lithuania/Russia
Historic Jeddah, the Gate to Makkah Saudi Arabia
Hegra Archaeological Site (al-Hijr/Madā in Ṣāliḥ) Saudi Arabia
Rock Art in the Hail Region Saudi Arabia
Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire Turkey
Archaeological Site of Troy Turkey
Sceilig Mhichíl Ireland
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal UK
Derwent Valley Mills UK
Droogmakerij de Beemster (Beemster Polder) Netherlands
Schokland and Surroundings Netherlands
Wouda Pumping Station Netherlands
Colonies of Benevolence Netherlands/Belgium/Germany
The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs Belgium
Major Mining Sites of Wallonia Belgium
Neolithic flint mines at Spiennes (Mons) Belgium
Vizcaya Bridge Spain
Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain Spain
Archaeological Site of Atapuerca Spain
Burgos Cathedral Spain
San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries Spain