UNESCO World Heritage2018-11-11T14:47:34+00:00

As of July 2018, the UNESCO World Heritage list includes 1 092 properties forming part of the cultural and natural heritage which the World Heritage Committee have deemed to have outstanding universal value. Below are the 272 we’ve visited (not including the de-listed Dresden Elbe Valley), of which we’ve written about 181 here on Sophie’s World. The complete UNESCO World Heritage list is here.


Historic CairoEgypt
Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to DahshurEgypt
Ancient Thebes with its NecropolisEgypt
Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to PhilaeEgypt
Kunta Kinteh Island and Related SitesThe Gambia
Maloti/Drakensberg ParkLesotho/South Africa
Lake Malawi National ParkMalawi
Le Morne Cultural LandscapeMauritius
Medina of TétouanMorocco
Vallée de Mai Nature ReserveSeychelles
Cape Floral Region Protected AreaSouth Africa
Robben IslandSouth Africa
Stone Town of ZanzibarTanzania
Medina of TunisTunisia
Site of CarthageTunisia
Amphitheatre of El JemTunisia
Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria FallsZambia/Zimbabwe
Great Zimbabwe National MonumentZimbabwe



Iguazu National ParkArgentina
Historic Bridgetown and its garrisonBarbados
Belize Barrier Reef Reserve SystemBelize
Iguaçu National ParkBrazil
Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the SeaBrazil
Rideau CanalCanada
Old Town LunenburgCanada
Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, CartagenaColombia
San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de CubaCuba
Morne Trois Pitons National ParkDominica
Antigua GuatemalaGuatemala
Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-ItzaMexico
Historic Centre of Mexico City and XochimilcoMexico
Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)Mexico
Pre-Hispanic City of TeotihuacanMexico
Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Netherlands AntillesNetherlands Antilles
Brimstone Hill Fortress National ParkSt Kitts – Nevis
Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del SacramentoUruguay
Statue of LibertyUSA
Ciudad Universitaria de CaracasVenezuela


ASIA – 25

The Great WallChina
Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and ShenyangChina
Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in BeijingChina
Historic Centre of MacauChina (Macau)
Grand CanalChina
Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in BeijingChina
Historic Monuments and Sites in KaesongDPRK (North Korea)
Humayun’s Tomb, DelhiIndia
Qutb Minar and its Monuments, DelhiIndia
Red Fort ComplexIndia
Jantar MantarIndia
Taj MahalIndia
Agra FortIndia
Fatehpur SikriIndia
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)India
Hill Forts of RajastanIndia
Cultural Landscape of BaliIndonesia
Petroglyphs within the Archaeological Landscape of TamgalyKazakhstan
Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan CorridorKyrgyzstan/Kazakhstan/China
Sulaiman-Too Sacred MountainKyrgyzstan
Western Tien-ShanKyrgyzstan/Kazakhstan/Uzbekistan
Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of MalaccaMalaysia
Kathmandu ValleyNepal
Tajik National ParkTajikistan
Historic City of AyutthayaThailand


EUROPE – 192

Madriu-Perafita-Claror ValleyAndorra
Monasteries of Haghpat and SanahinArmenia
Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of ZvartnotsArmenia
Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat ValleyArmenia
Historic Centre of ViennaAustria
Lake Fertö/Neusiedlersee Cultural LandscapeAustria/Hungary
Palace and Gardens of SchönbrunnAustria
Historic Centre of the City of SalzburgAustria
Hallstatt-Dachstein Salzkammergut Cultural LandscapeAustria
Semmering RailwayAustria
City of GrazAustria
Wachau Cultural LandscapeAustria
Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah’s Palace and Maiden TowerAzerbaijan
Gobustan Rock Art Cultural LandscapeAzerbaijan
La Grand-Place, BrusselsBelgium
Major town houses of the architect Victor Horta, BrusselsBelgium
Historic Centre of BruggeBelgium
The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their EnvironsBelgium
Stoclet HouseBelgium
Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum ComplexBelgium
Belfries of Belgium and FranceBelgium/France
Flemish béguinagesBelgium
Old Bridge Area of the Old City of MostarBosnia & Herzegovina
Rila MonasteryBulgaria
Boyana ChurchBulgaria
Ancient City of NessebarBulgaria
Old City of DubrovnikCroatia
Venetian Works of Defence between the 16th and 17th Centuries: Stato da Terra – Western Stato da MarCroatia, Italy, Montenegro
Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of DiocletianCroatia
The Cathedral of St James in ŠibenikCroatia
Historic City of TrogirCroatia
Stari GradCroatia
Historic Centre of PragueCzechia
Kutná Hora: Historical Town Centre with Church of St Barbara and Cathedral of Our Lady at SedlecCzechia
Tugendhat Villa in BrnoCzechia
Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and ChurchDenmark
Roskilde CathedralDenmark
Kronborg CastleDenmark
Stevns klintDenmark
Christiansfeld, a Moravian Church SettlementDenmark
Historic Centre (Old Town) of TallinnEstonia
Fortress of SuomenlinnaFinland
Old RaumaFinland
Bronze Age Burial Site of SammallahdenmäkiFinland
Petäjävesi Old ChurchFinland
Verla Groundwood and Board MillFinland
Paris, Banks of the SeineFrance
Palace and Park of VersaillesFrance
Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, ReimsFrance
Champagne Hillsides, Houses and CellarsFrance
Strasbourg – Grande île and NeustadtFrance
Chartres CathedralFrance
Canal du MidiFrance
Historic Fortified City of CarcassonneFrance
Palace and Park of FontainebleauFrance
Jurisdiction of Saint-EmilionFrance
Bordeaux, Port of the MoonFrance
Routes of Santiago de Compostela in FranceFrance
Fortifications of VaubanFrance
Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézere ValleyFrance
Historical Monuments of MtskhetaGeorgia
Cologne CathedralGermany
Hanseatic City of LübeckGermany
Old town of Regensburg with StadtamhofGermany
Aachen CathedralGermany
Museumsinsel (Museum Island), BerlinGermany
Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in TrierGermany
Berlin Modernism Housing EstatesGermany
Luther Memorials in Eisleben and WittenbergGermany
Bauhaus and its sites in Weimar, Dessau and BernauGermany
Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and BerlinGermany
Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with ChilehausGermany
Wadden SeaGermany/Denmark/Netherlands
Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of BremenGermany
Historic Centres of Stralsund and WismarGermany
Muskauer Park / Park MusakowskiGermany/Poland
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and other regions of EuropeGermany++
Garden Kingdom of Dessau-WörlitzGermany
Maulbronn Monastery ComplexGermany
Speyer CathedralGermany
Abbey and Altenmünster of LorschGermany
Messel Pit Fossil SiteGermany
Upper Middle Rhine ValleyGermany
Frontiers of the Roman EmpireGermany/UK
Dresden elbe Valley (delisted 2009)Germany
Old Town of CorfuGreece
Acropolis, AthensGreece
Medieval City of RhodesGreece
Vatican CityHoly See
Budapest, incl. the Banks of Danube, Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy AvenueHungary
Millenary Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma and its Natural EnvironmentHungary
Þingvellir National ParkIceland
Brú na Bóinne – Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the BoyneIreland
Historic Centre of RomeItaly/Holy See
City of VeronaItaly
Venice and its LagoonItaly
The DolomitesItaly
Mount EtnaItaly
Costiera AmalfitanaItaly
Piazza del Duomo, PisaItaly
Historic Centre of San GimignanoItaly
Historic Centre of FlorenceItaly
Historic Centre of SienaItaly
Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan SitesItaly
Historic Centre of UrbinoItaly
Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei RolliItaly
Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)Italy
Villa Adriana (Tivoli)Italy
Villa d’Este, TivoliItaly
Archaeological Areas of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Torre AnnunziataItaly
Historic Centre of NaplesItaly
Historic Centre of RigaLatvia
Historic Centre of VilniusLithuania
City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and FortificationsLuxembourg
City of VallettaMalta
Megalithic Temples of MaltaMalta
Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of KotorMontenegro
Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside SingelgrachtNetherlands
Droogmakerij de Beemster (Beemster Polder)Netherlands
Mill Network at Kinderdijk-ElshoutNetherlands
Røros Mining Town and the circumferenceNorway
West Norwegian Fjords – Geirangerfjord and NærøyfjordNorway
Rock Art of AltaNorway
Struve Geodetic ArcNorway ++
Rjukan – Notodden Industrial Heritage SiteNorway
Vegaøyan, the Vega ArchipelagoNorway
Historic Centre of WarsawPoland
Historic Centre of KrakówPoland
Auschwitz Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination CampPoland
Castle of the Teutonic Order in MalborkPoland
Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt MinesPoland
Medieval Town of ToruńPoland
Laurisilva of MadeiraPortugal
Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in LisbonPortugal
Cultural Landscape of SintraPortugal
Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of MonumentsRussia
Kremlin and Red Square, MoscowRussia
San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano San Marino
Historic City of ToledoSpain
Works of Antoni GaudíSpain
Old Town of Segovia and its AqueductSpain
Cultural Landscape of the Serra de TramuntanaSpain
Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, BarcelonaSpain
La Lonja de la Seda de ValenciaSpain
El Palmeral de ElcheSpain
Rock Carvings in TanumSweden
Hanseatic town of VisbySweden
Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in FalunSweden
Engelsberg IronworksSweden
Birka and HovgårdenSweden
Royal Domain of DrottningholmSweden
Naval Port of KarlskronaSweden
Grimeton Radio Station, VarbergSweden
Laponian AreaSweden
Church Town of Gammelstad, LuleåSweden
Höga kusten / Kvarken ArchipelagoSweden/Finland
Abbey of St GallSwitzerland
Lavaux, Vineyard TerracesSwitzerland
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina LandscapesSwitzerland/Italy
La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, Watchmaking Town PlanningSwitzerland
Old City of BerneSwitzerland
Swiss Alps, Jungfrau-AletcshSwitzerland
Three Castles, Defensive Wall and Ramparts of the Market-Town of BellinzonaSwitzerland
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementSwitzerland ++
Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural LandscapeTurkey
Historic Areas of IstanbulTurkey
Tower of LondonUK
Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret’s ChurchUK
Maritime GreenwichUK
Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine’s Abbey, and St Martin’s ChurchUK
Old and New Towns of EdinburghUK
The Forth BridgeUK
Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated SitesUK
Ironbridge GorgeUK
Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in GwyneddUK
City of BathUK
Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile CityUK
Cornwall and West Devon Mining LandscapeUK
Dorset and East Devon CoastUK
Blenheim CastleUK
Royal Botanic Gardens, KewUK
Heart of Neolithic OrkneyUK
New LanarkUK
Giant’s Causeway and Causeway CoastUK
The English Lake DistrictUK
Kiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk LavraUkraine



Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of DilmunBahrain
Pearling, testimony of an island economyBahrain
Old City of Jerusalem and its WallsIsrael/Palestine
Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab)Lebanon
Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, BethlehemPalestine
Ancient City of DamascusSyria
Cultural sites of Al AinUnited Arab Emirates



Sydney Opera HouseAustralia
Greater Blue Mountains AreaAustralia
Australian Convict SitesAustralia
Gondwana Rainforests of AustraliaAustralia
Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton GardensAustralia


Coming up

Urnes Stave ChurchNorway
Decorated farmhouses of HälsinglandSweden
Agricultural Landscape of Southern ÖlandSweden
Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman EmpireTurkey
Archaeological Site of TroyTurkey
Sceilig MhichílIreland
Litomyšl CastleCzechia
Holy Trinity Column in OlomoucCzechia
Centennial Hall in WrocławPoland